MAXIMAL HEART RATE ASSESSMENT IN RECREATIONAL FOOTBALL PLAYERS. A STUDY INVOLVING A MULTIPLE TESTING APPROACH.
This study considered which of the usual field tests could be valid to register the maximum heart rate (HRmax) in soccer players. To do this, 66 amateur players performed, on different days: an incremental VO2max test for VO2max in the laboratory, both Yo-Yo intermittent endurance test level 1 (YYIE1) and level 2 (YYIE2), a Yo-Yo intermittent recovery test level 1 (YYIR1 ) and 2 - 4 matches per player (45 min, 7 vs 7 in 43x27m: 83m2 / player). Taking the HRmax as the highest value reached in any of the tests, the percentage of players who reached their HRmax in the different tests was: 73% in YYIE1, 24% in YYIE2, 18% in YYIR1, 17% in TT and 30 % in games with reduced games.
TAKE HOME MESSAGES
- - Despite what is assumed (and that the cardiorespiratory RPE and global RPE are very high), only the 17% of the players reach their HRmax in an incremental test in the laboratory. Therefore, it is not recommended to set HRmax as the heart rate reached in it.
- The Yo-Yo intermittent Endurance test Level 1 (YYIE1) seems much better for this task. At least to corroborate the HRmax reached in the incremental test.
- It is interesting to have a real measurement of the HRmax since, its value can be used as control of the internal load of the players in the training sessions, or to evaluate the intensity of a certain task.
- It is also interesting to have a real measurement of the HRmax since its variation allows to anticipate overtraining processes.